Main Article Content
Understanding the nutrient contents (Nitrogen/N, Phosphorous/P, and Potassium/K) in leaves of Acacia mangium trees is important for maximizing timber production and carbon sequestration of a plantation. This study aimed at investigating the nutrient contents in different leaf types (young, medium and old) collected from fertilization and non-fertilization treatments in two different ages of A. mangium trees grown in Northeast Vietnam. The leaf samples were collected in March 2018 (1-year old trees) and March 2019 (2-year old trees). The results indicated that leaf water content decreased with leaf ages but not with tree ages. While N, P, and K content were significantly different among three leaf types as highest in young leaves, reducing to medium and old leaves. N content ranged 1.72-1.77% in young leaves, 1.21-1.24% in medium leaves, and 0.89-0.91% in old leaves. P content ranged 0.81-0.97% in young leaves, 0.41-0.54% in medium leaves, and 0.16-0.23% in old leaves. While K content was 1.31-1.53% in young leaves, 0.76-1.00% in medium leaves, and 0.15-0.31% in old leaves. In each leaf type, the differences of N contents between fertilization and non-fertilization, and between tree ages were not significant. While the differences of P and K contents between fertilization and non-fertilization were significant, indicating higher values in fertilization treatment, but the difference was not significant between tree ages. The low P content may indicate a nutrient deficiency in this study site, therefore P fertilization is necessary to improve the production of A. mangium plantation.
Inagaki M, Kamo K, Miyamoto K, Titin J, Jamalung L, Lapongan J, Miura S. Nitrogen and phosphorus retranslation and N:P ratios of litterfall in three tropical plantations: luxurious N and efficient P use by Acacia mangium. Plant and Soil. 2011;341:295–307.
Matzek V, Vitousek PM. N:P stoichiometry and protein: RNA ratios in vascular plants: an evaluation of the growth-rate hypothesis. Ecology Letter. 2009;12:765–771.
Tran VD. Nutrient contents in different organs of Acacia mangium, Northeast Vietnam. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecule Biology. 2019;20:521–527.
Fyllas NM, Patino S, Baker TR, et al. Basin-wide variations in foliar properties of Amazonian forest: phylogeny, soils and climate. Biogeosciences. 2009;6:2677–2708.
Cyriac A, Tallapragada P. The effect of vegetative waste substrate based cultivation on the growth, nutrient content ans biological efficiency of blue mushroom Hypsizygus ulmarius. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology. 2018;19:238–248.
Aerts R, Chapin FS. The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: A re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Advance Ecological Research. 2000;30:1–67.
Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M. Least-cost input mixtures of water and nitrogen for photosynthesis. American Naturalist. 2003;161:98–111.
Palmroth S, Katul GG, Maier CA, Ward E, Manzoni S, Vico G. On the complementary relationship between marginal nitrogen and water-use efficiencies among Pinus taeda leaves grown under ambient and CO2-enriched environments. Annals of Botany. 2013;111:467–477.
Sardans J, Penuelas J. Tree growth changes with climate and forest type are associated with relative allocation of nutrients, especially phosphorus, to leaves and wood. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2013;22:494–507.
Marschner H, Marschner P. Marschner’s mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic press, London. 2012;135–158.
Marschnert H, Kirkby EA, Engels C. Importance of cycling and recycling of mineral nutrients within plants for growth and development. Botanica Acta. 1997; 110:265–273.
FAO. Global planted forests thematic study: results and analysis. In Planted Forests and Trees Working Paper 38. Eds. Del Lungo A, Ball J, Carle J, FAO, Rome. 2006.
Kien ND, Thinh HH, Kha LD, Nghia NH, Hai PH, Hung TV. Acacia as a national resource of Vietnam. In: ‘Sustaining the Future of Acacia Plantation Forestry’ International Conference, IUFRO Working Party 2.08.07: Genetics and Silviculture of Acacia, Hue, Vietnam, 18–21 March 2014, Compendium of Abstracts; 2014.
QCVN02. Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction. Hanoi. 2009;324.
Kokten K, Kaplan M, Hatipoglu R, Saruhan V, Cınar S. Nutritive value of Mediterranean shrubs. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2012;2:188–194.
Jin X, Chunhai S, Chang YY, Toshihiko Y, Erik JS. Determination of leaf water content by visible and near-Infrared spectrometry and multivariate calibration in Miscanthus. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2017;8:721.
Oduntan AO, Olaleye O. Effect of Plant maturity on the proximate composition of Sesanum Radiatum schum leaves. Journal of Food studies. 2012;1:69–76.
Lawlor AW. Limitation to Photosynthesis in Water‐stressed Leaves: Stomata vs. Metabolism and the Role of ATP. Annals of Botany. 2002;89:871–885.
Ludwik WB, Mateusz KL, Iris H, Anna G, Roberta C. Leaf and plant age affects photosynthetic performance and photoprotective capacity. Plant Physiology. 2107;175:1634–1648.
Bertaminia M, Nedunchezhiana N. Leaf age effects on chlorophyll, Rubisco, photosynthetic electron transport activities and thylakoid membrane protein in field grown grapevine leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology. 2002;159:799–803.
Vu TL, Nguyen HS, Nguyen TT, Phung DT, Pham DS, Ho TL, Nguyen HT, Dao TD, Tran VD. Importance of phosphorus application in Acacia mangium plantation. World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews. 2019;2:7–12.
Bouillet JP, Laclau JP, Gonçalves JLDM, Moreira MZ, Trivelin PCO, Jourdan C, Silva EV, Piccolo MC, Tsai SM, Galiana A. Mixed-species plantations of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus grandis in Brazil 2: Nitrogen accumulation in the stands and biological N2 fixation. Forest Ecology and Management. 2008;255:3918– 3930.
Macedo MO, Resende AS, Garcia PC, Boddey RM, Jantalia CP, Urquiaga S, Campello EFC, Franco AA. Changes in soil C and N stocks and nutrient dynamics 13 years after recovery of degraded land using leguminous nitrogen-fixing trees. Forest Ecology and Management. 2008;255:1516–1524.
Inagaki M, Inagaki Y, Kamo K, Titin J. Fine-root production in response to nutrient application at three forest plantations in Sabah, Malaysia: higher nitrogen and phosphorus demand by Acacia mangium. Journal of Forest Research 2009;14:178–182.
Inagaki M, Tange T. Nutrient accumulation in aboveground biomass of planted tropical trees: a meta-analysis. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2014:60:598–608.
Vitousek PM, Cassman K, Cleveland C et al. Towards an ecological understanding of biological nitrogen fixation. Bio-geochemistry. 2002;57:1–45.