THE RESPONSE OF SAL (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) FORESTS UNDER DISTURBANCE REGIMES IN UTTARAKHAND - INDIA

Main Article Content

J. M. S. TOMAR
SUNIL PRASAD
J. JAYAPRAKASH
R. KUMAR
M. SANKAR
R. KAUSHAL
O. P. CHATURVEDI

Abstract

We have studied Sal Mixed Moist Deciduous Forest along a disturbance gradient in Uttarakhand and the study made known that tree diversity had a negative relationship with disturbance. Shrub and herb species diversity favors moderate disturbance conditions as the highest diversity in shrub and herb layers were recorded in the moderately disturbed forest zone. The study also revealed a random distribution of Mallotus philippensis in the Undisturbed Sal forest showed that species have the least social interaction with other species. We recommend a scientific study on the status of Mallotus philippensis in the Sal forest. Moreover, more scientific studies needed to be conducted to assess the impact of disturbances and devise appropriate policy and action plans for restoring ecological processes and promoting natural succession in sal dominated forest ecosystems.

Keywords:
Shorea robusta, disturbance, diversity, phytosociology, conservation.

Article Details

How to Cite
TOMAR, J. M. S., PRASAD, S., JAYAPRAKASH, J., KUMAR, R., SANKAR, M., KAUSHAL, R., & CHATURVEDI, O. P. (2021). THE RESPONSE OF SAL (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) FORESTS UNDER DISTURBANCE REGIMES IN UTTARAKHAND - INDIA. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology, 11(1), 8-22. Retrieved from https://www.ikpresse.com/index.php/JOGAE/article/view/6321
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAO. Assessing forest degradation towards the development of globally applicable guidelines. Forest Resources Assessment Working Paper. 2011;177.

Chitale VS, Behera MD. Can distribution of Sal (Shorea robusta) shift in north- eastern direction in India due to changing climate. Current Science. 2012;102(8):1126-1135.

Champion HG, Seth SK. A Revised Survey of Forest Types of India, Govt. of India Press, New Delhi. 1968;404.

Lawes MJ, Joubert R, Griffiths ME, Boudreau S, Chapman CA. The effect of the spatial scale of recruitment on tree diversity in Afromontane forest fragments. Biological Conservation. 2007;139:447–456.

Lalfakawma, Roy S, Vanlalhriatpuia K, Vanalalhluna PC. Community composition and tree population structure in undisturbed and disturbed tropical semi-evergreen forest stands of north-east India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 2009;7:303– 318.

Pande SK, Shukla RP. Plant Community and Diversity Patterns within the Forested Landscape of North-eastern U. P. The Indian Forester. 2005;131(9):1217-1226.

Tripathi KP, Singh B. Species diversity and vegetation structure across various strata in natural and plantation forests in Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, North India. Tropical Ecology. 2009;50:191-200.

Kushwaha SPS, Nandy S. Species diversity and community structure in sal (Shorea robusta) forests of two different rainfall regimes in West Bangal, India. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2012;21:1215-1228.

Dutta Gitamani, Devi Ashalata. Phenology and population structure of six tree species in tropical forest of Assam, northeast India. Tropical Ecology. 2013;56(3): 393-399.

Shah RK, Subudhi SP. Working plan of dehradun forest division, Dehradun (Shiwalik circle). 2010;I(I).
DOI: 2009-10 TO 2018-19

Mishra R. Ecology work book. Oxford and IBM publishing Co. Calcutta. 1968;244.

Curtis JT, McIntosh RP. The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic phytosociological characters. Ecology. 1950;31:434- 455.

Curtis JT. The vegetation of wisconsin, An Ordination of Plant Communities. University Wisconsin Press, Madison. Wisconsin; 1959.

Shannon CE, Wiener W. The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana; 1963.

Margalef R. Information theory in ecology. General Systems. 1958;3:36-71.

Prasad S, Uniyal P, Chauhan DS. Composition and Structure of Himalayan Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora A. Camus) Forest under Various Degrees of Disturbance. Journal of Forest and Environmental Science. 2015;31(1):7-13.

Anbarashan M, Parthasarathy N. Tree diversity of tropical dry evergreen forests dominated by single or mixed species on the Coromandel Coast of India. Tropical Ecology. 2013; 54(2):179-190.

Van der Maarel E. Some remarks on disturbance and its relations to diversity and stability. Journal of Vegetation Science. 1993;4(6):733-736.

Prasad S, Singh V, Chauhan DS. Consequences of disturbance in banj-oak forests of garhwal himalaya. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2019;11(17):9017-9021.

Rojo JP, Pitargue FC, Sosef MSM. Ficus benghalensis L. Record from Proseabase [ed. by Padua, L. S. de Bunyapraphatsara, N. Lemmens, R. H. M. J.]. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation; 1999.
Available:http://www.proseanet.org

Starr F, Starr K, Loope L. Ficus benghalensis. Datasheet, Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project. (HEAR); 2003.
Available:http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/ficus_benghalensis.pdf

Rothe SP. A role of immigrants and indigenous plants in forest improvement from West Vidarbha region. Journal of Phytology. 2011;2,3(12):57-59.